At least 618,000 Americans died in the Civil War, and some experts say the toll reached 700,000. The number that is most often quoted, or best estimate, is 620,000. At any rate, these casualties exceed the nation's loss in all its other wars, from the Revolution through Vietnam. The Union armies raised from 2,500,000 to 2,750,000 men. Their losses, as indicated by the most quoted Civil War statisticians, William F. Fox and Frederick H. Dyer, are as follows:Battledeaths:110,070 Disease, etc.:249,458Total359,528

The Confederate strength, known less accurately because of missing records, was from 750,000 to 1,250,000. Its estimated losses:

Battle deaths:94,000Disease, etc.:164,000Total258,000